European Journal of Language and Culture Studies https://ej-lang.org/index.php/ejlang <p>European Journal of Language and Culture Studies</p> en-US <p>Authors retain the copyright of their work, and grant this journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> editor@ej-lang.org (Editor-in-Chief) editor@europapub.org (Support) Wed, 01 May 2024 10:00:25 -0400 OJS 3.3.0.8 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Contribution of Artificial Intelligence to Learning the Arabic Language https://ej-lang.org/index.php/ejlang/article/view/120 <p>The knowledge revolution in the middle of the twentieth century brought about a digital transformation in various aspects of human development, and in view of the knowledge data in machine language, it became necessary to computerize the Arabic language as a means of transferring knowledge, and to make it compatible with modern means of communication in artificial intelligence algorithms to help humans overcome the difficulties of communication and learning.</p> <p>Therefore, researchers in the field of artificial intelligence sought to understand human perception and try to simulate it through the development of computer systems that deal with different levels of languages. Researching a descriptive and analytical reading of the reality of the Arabic language in its relationship to artificial intelligence and computing, and the extent to which it benefits from technological and informational progress, as well as possible horizons that will contribute to solving its problems and challenges.</p> Adawiya Hayyawi Doohee Copyright (c) 2024 Adawiya Hayyawi Doohee http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ej-lang.org/index.php/ejlang/article/view/120 Tue, 21 May 2024 00:00:00 -0400 On the Semantics of the Structure Estar para + infinitive in European Portuguese: From Aspect to Modality https://ej-lang.org/index.php/ejlang/article/view/123 <p>In contrast to most aspectual operators whose meaning remains unchanged regardless of their context of occurrence, the structure<br /><em>estar para </em>+ infinitive reveals a great deal of variability in this respect. Thus, in addition to the primary prospective aspect value, this construction also conveys modal meanings that can express uncertainty, counterfactuality, or volition/intention. Factors such as the tenses in which the sentence appears (in particular, the <em>pretérito imperfeito</em> (past imperfect) and the <em>pretérito perfeito</em> (terminative past tense)) and the presence of sentential negation contribute decisively to bringing about this kind of variation. However, there seems to be a shared semantic profile underlying the construction <em>estar para </em>+ infinitive, namely the presence of a stative predication that induces a prospective projection.</p> Luís Filipe Cunha Copyright (c) 2024 Luís Filipe Cunha http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ej-lang.org/index.php/ejlang/article/view/123 Wed, 08 May 2024 00:00:00 -0400