https://ej-lang.org/index.php/ejlang/issue/feed European Journal of Language and Culture Studies 2024-05-01T10:00:25-04:00 Editor-in-Chief editor@ej-lang.org Open Journal Systems <p>European Journal of Language and Culture Studies</p> https://ej-lang.org/index.php/ejlang/article/view/123 On the Semantics of the Structure Estar para + infinitive in European Portuguese: From Aspect to Modality 2023-11-27T12:41:17-05:00 Luís Filipe Cunha luisfilipeleitecunha@gmail.com <p>In contrast to most aspectual operators whose meaning remains unchanged regardless of their context of occurrence, the structure<br /><em>estar para </em>+ infinitive reveals a great deal of variability in this respect. Thus, in addition to the primary prospective aspect value, this construction also conveys modal meanings that can express uncertainty, counterfactuality, or volition/intention. Factors such as the tenses in which the sentence appears (in particular, the <em>pretérito imperfeito</em> (past imperfect) and the <em>pretérito perfeito</em> (terminative past tense)) and the presence of sentential negation contribute decisively to bringing about this kind of variation. However, there seems to be a shared semantic profile underlying the construction <em>estar para </em>+ infinitive, namely the presence of a stative predication that induces a prospective projection.</p> 2024-05-08T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Luís Filipe Cunha https://ej-lang.org/index.php/ejlang/article/view/120 The Contribution of Artificial Intelligence to Learning the Arabic Language 2023-11-10T10:51:50-05:00 Adawiya Hayyawi Doohee adawiyah.doohi@uokufa.edu.iq <p>The knowledge revolution in the middle of the twentieth century brought about a digital transformation in various aspects of human development, and in view of the knowledge data in machine language, it became necessary to computerize the Arabic language as a means of transferring knowledge, and to make it compatible with modern means of communication in artificial intelligence algorithms to help humans overcome the difficulties of communication and learning.</p> <p>Therefore, researchers in the field of artificial intelligence sought to understand human perception and try to simulate it through the development of computer systems that deal with different levels of languages. Researching a descriptive and analytical reading of the reality of the Arabic language in its relationship to artificial intelligence and computing, and the extent to which it benefits from technological and informational progress, as well as possible horizons that will contribute to solving its problems and challenges.</p> 2024-05-21T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Adawiya Hayyawi Doohee